One of the most important decision a young leaner will make in life is all about a future occupation. The choice of an occupation is very important because; it determines the prospect of our success in life, our group of friends, business associates, recreational activities, opportunities, salary status and general life style seems to be determined or influenced by our career. After this, comes the choice of future partner in marriage.
The purpose of this talk is to create awareness to the leaners of this centre for qualitative education of what career is, and how to make a wise and realistic career choice in life, and in our country Nigeria where one does not practice what one studies in the university. The process of getting admission into higher school tends to frustrate the decision of one’s choice of career and kills the beautiful endowment of nature in an individual.
Etymology (An account of the origin and historical development of CAREER)
The word career comes from the French word ‘carriere’ meaning “road, or race course” which in turn comes from the Latin word ‘cararia’ meaning “track for wheeled vehicles”. It also originated from the Latin word, ‘carrus’ which means “wagon”.
The word career is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as a person’s “course or progress through life”. In other words, career describes an individual’s journey through learning, work and other aspect of life.
In this definition, we can say that career relates to some aspects of individual’s life, learning and work. That is to say: There is a purpose for which God gave us life. Secondly, our life is also shaped through learning and finally what we have learned in the course of living reflects in the work we do or the career path we have chosen. In other words, career involves special training or formal education and is considered to be a person’s life, work and also a sequence of related jobs.
MY CAREER MY DECISION (HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT CAREER)
Choosing the right career can be difficult, but having a defined career direction will help you and with a little handwork, food planning and some serious self-reflection. You can set yourself on a path towards a fruitful, fulfilling career that can provide for you and your family.
There are many factors to consider when choosing a career. Before you make these considerations, there are two issues involved in choosing. The first is the ‘career’ while the other is ‘self’ or the person.
We must look at our personal attributes and know them very well. What are the requirements for the career we hope to go into? Answer some pertinent personal questions, such as: “do I have the personal attributes to make a success of that career? Ii it a job I will enjoy when enter into it?”
The following are the factors we need to consider before making up our mind to choose a particular career:
- Interest: This is the expression of our desire to know or learn something. It could be something in which we concern ourselves. It could also be something that arouses our attention, curiosity or concern. Leaner’s interest vary in various subject areas. Interest also refers to what we like to do or what one enjoys doing. Knowing our interest area will aid a realistic choice of occupation.
- Intelligence: This refers to the power of perceiving, learning, understanding and knowing. People differ in the gift of intelligence. We have people of high, average and low intelligence. Intelligence aids learning and it is a major requirement to make success in certain occupation.
- Aptitude: This is the ability for one to be successful in a given programme when trained. We have various types of aptitude. They are:
- Verbal Aptitude: Some people are gifted in manipulation of words. They can speak eloquently and convince others to agree with them.
- Numerical Aptitude: People who have numerical aptitude are very good in manipulation of figures. They include great mathematicians and computer scientists. Other people have aptitude for remembering numbers, dates, etc. There is also the aptitude for mechanic work, musical and artistic aptitude etc. Talents are also very close to aptitude. They are special gifts from God and quite natural. They need no training.
- Ability: It is a special power to do something well. It could be either physical or mental. People with physical ability are strong and enjoy doing physical activities such as sports etc. Those with high mental ability enjoy working with ideas and figures.
- Attitude: Attitude is simply our way of thinking, feeling or behaving. Our attitude to life can greatly affect our choice of career. Some people are care free and they can take anything that comes their way. While some others are very careful, choosy and will always look and hope for the best.
- Personality: Personality could be described as those qualities that make up a person’s character. They include cheerfulness, flexibility, intelligence and slyness, interest and ability. A psychologist, Holland, (1959) identified six personality types. These are Intellectual, Realistic, Social, Artistic, Conventional and Enterprising persons. Each of the above personality types matches certain occupations. We need to know our personality type in order to choose an occupation that will match it.
- Realities of our situation (Family Background): Some learners possess high intellectual ability but due to poverty in the family they may not be able to get formal education at all or may only receive to a minimum level that will not satisfy them if given opportunities, unless such learners get scholarship or sponsorship they cannot aspire for careers that require higher education.
- Academic Performance: This has a bearing on career choice. Some learners are not doing well in some subjects yet the career they want to pursue, require a credit pass in such subjects. Some others do not take their school work serious. Unseriousness about school work can jeopardize high career aspirations.
- One’s Working Environment: Many people have preferences for where they can work. Some do not mind where their job can take them to. An accountant once opted to teach because of urban problems evident in cities yet they cannot get a satisfying employment for their career unless they go to the city. One’s career may also not be in demand in environments where we hope to work. This and other things have to be considered before choosing a career.
- Needs: There are various needs in life which include social, physical or material. Many people choose occupations to meet their needs in pressing areas of life such as social, economic, religion, material and physical. Abraham Maslow (1963) identified six levels of needs (hierarchy of needs) ranging from physiological (basic needs) to safety & security, love and belongings; wholeness and integration, self-esteem and self-actualization.
- Prestige: Some learners choose subject combinations that would lead to some particular career purely for prestigious reasons. They want people to give them high regard and respect attached to specific careers, such as medicine, law and engineering. As a result, some leaners who are rather weak in Physics and Mathematics for example would still insist on taking the subjects in order to be able to announce their subject combination proudly as follows (Phy-Bio-Chem) i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Of course such students erroneously waste precious time where they do not belong.
- Peer Influence: Some other learners want to identify with their friends in the class. So, they choose subject combinations which lead to certain careers simply because a friend belongs to that particular group. Some young people in this category choose careers simply because they have seen others succeeding in them. Such young ones get easily carried away forgetting that there are individual differences existing in human beings. No two individuals are exactly alike not even the identical twins. It is good to have models but not being copycats with no initiative.
Rather than considering their own personality make up, young people tend to yield more to peer pressure, which more often than not yield negative result.
- Parental Influence: Some parents in our society dictate to their children the type of career to choose many learners have wasted several years battling with subjects they could not cope with in order to satisfy their parental desires. Parents want to be identified as successful through their children without any consideration of the children’s interest. These days’ parents are proud to be referred as the lawyer’s mother/ father, the doctor’s mother/ father (mama lawyer, papa doctor). They want to live their own lives through the children even when such children could not cope. Frustration and failure eventually result from such pressure. Parents could guide their children and assist them in making a career choice but NOT enforcing their own wish without considering the interest and personal ability of the child involved.
- Special Attractions: There are some special attractions in some jobs today which get our young ones carried away quite easily. Such attractions include fat salary and allowances, uniforms and other fringe benefits. No consideration is given to job satisfaction or the demands of such job! (Like being a banker and having to work till 8:00 p.m. some days).
The above reasons are some of the common factors that influence young ones these days in their career choice. This is why many people are dissatisfied, unhappy and frustrated with their jobs – because they did not receive any guidance.
IS CAREER CHOICE DIFFICULT TO MAKE
As was stated earlier on, “the choice of an occupation is regarded as second most important decision”. This is becoming more complex in this modern time in our economy for the following reasons: According to Omoegun and Buraimoh
- Nigeria is a developing country with serious economic problem resulting to unemployment in various categories of occupation.
- The development in Science and Technology has led to new careers of which most people are not aware.
- Many people lack competence to access themselves for a realistic choice of career.
- Information about various occupations does not readily get to those who are contemplating the choice of career.
- Lack of job satisfaction is another issue that has thrown many people out of job.
- Parents, sometimes out of ignorance force careers on their children which becomes a problem or serves as a temporary setback for the children.
- The peer group has a great deal of influence on youth career choice. Many youth choose occupation simply because their friends have chosen such and they do not want to do anything different from their friends.
- Many youth set high vocational aspirations for themselves without possessing the necessary personal qualities to pursue such an occupation, and
- Inability of some youth to keep their career choice flexible has led to delays in getting admission and frustrations in meeting the requirements for the career of their choice.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A CAREER AND A JOB.
Career and Job are often used interchangeably, yet they are two different words and things.
A Job is something one does in a short term to earn cash. It is filling a work role within a business exchange for money.
A career is a long-term pursuit of a life-long ambition. One may or may not need any particular education or special training to do a job, but career requires some sort of specialized training that develops an individual’s ability to do the work that career entails. In some cases, this training can come in the form of experience.
For example: being a photographer would be considered a career but working in a photo lab (something that will probably become extinct in the next few years) would be considered a job.
One doesn’t necessarily need to go to university or college to end up with a career – one can work one’s way up with lots of hard work.
One makes his/ her choice of career based on the following factors.
- Objective factor theory
- Subjective factor theory
- Critical contact theory.
- Objective Factor Theory: The applicant before making his/ her choice assesses the tangible benefits of the job such as the salary, other benefits, location, opportunities for career advancement etc.
- Subjective Factor Theory: The applicants must take into considerations the social/ psychological factors. This is the case whereby the status of the job, reputation of the organization and other similar factors play important role.
- Critical Contact Theory: The observations the applicant make while interacting with the organizations plays a vital role in deciding the work to do e.g. how the recruiter keeps in touch with the candidate, the promptness of responses and similar factors are important. This theory is more useful for the experienced professionals.
These theories in other words indicates that candidates have a free choice of employers and careers. However, the job scarcity and strong competitions for desirable jobs make the decision making impossible. Sometimes employees take up particular careers simply because they were forced to accept whatever work was available to them. So, when choosing a career that is best for you, one has to look at the natural talents work style, social interaction, work-life balance, whether or not you are looking to give back, whether you are comfortable in the public eye, dealing with stress or not, and finally, how much money you want to make. One may not likely to stick with that line of work for your entire life. One can make a smart-decision, and plan to re-evaluate down the line based on your long-term objectives.
Finally, for one to succeed in any given career, one must have passion.
- Don’t base your career on money.
- Listen to your parents and teachers.
- Every career comes with its challenges but with determination, hard work and resilience, one will surely succeed.
- Whatever choice one makes in life, make sure it reflects who one is.
What is Sex?
Sex is the activity in which a male & female join their sexual organs in order to create babies, or for pleasure (Ref. Longman Dictionary).
Sex is far from what many people think. It goes beyond pulling off your cloths and putting it back like you see around or probably experienced. It involves, and attracts and necessitates a lot of things both imaginable and unimaginable.
Sex came into existence when the world and human race came to be. God rather than engage in the strenuous job of creation from time to time each time the animals die devised a means to enable the animals reproduce themselves. He made every animal in such a special way with the necessary “tools” that would enable them to reproduce their kinds easily as they grow older. So when the created first man and woman he did not change the concept simply because He needed them to reproduce their kinds more than any of the other animal for we mean far much to him, that’s why he specifically said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply so the concept of sex is for a specific purpose, and that is to reproduce one’s own kind. That is for procreation or to make babies. Unfortunately, adults and young ones don’t even know this or that is they find it difficult to understand that the sex concept is originally only for procreation. ‘Sex’ is not meant for fun or pleasure, it is meant for a responsibility.
Animals that have very little thinking capacity know what sex is really meant for if not on the grounds of reproduction sex indeed does not worth the price people gave it, since it has negative effects such as mentally, psychologically, spiritually, physically and emotionally.
Is Sex for fun?
The answer is NO because younger ones have single handedly destroyed their lives all in a bid of trying to get the fun.
What is fun? One may like to ask – it is something you do and enjoy without any negative consequences. Fun is something you do and afterwards you feel good about it. But illicit sex is the very opposite of such. There is really nothing enjoyable about it neither do you feel good after you do it. The consequences of illicit sex or premarital sex are worse than using a sledge hammer to hit one’s head or using a knife to slice your flesh.
Sex is only fun when you see it as the responsibility it truly is and you do it in accordance and obedience of its original purpose. The rule is get maimed properly.
Is Sex Evil?
Sex is not evil. It is what you do with sex that makes it evil. It is a responsibility, and could bless or curse irrespective of who you are.
Two kinds of Sex.
- Marital: Licit, responsible, within the confines of marriage and obedience to the law.
- Pre-marital: Illicit, irresponsible, outside marriage, disobedience to the law. It is a violation of the divine concept i.e. violation of the laws that keep you alive as an individual.
There is a price to pay (Consequences)
The moment you start having illicit sex, you start paying dearly, and you can continue to pay the huge price throughout your lifetime. These include:
- Spiritual Consequences (breakdown of your spirit): The moment the body subjects the spirit to conform to the act of illicit sex, your spirit suffers a great deal for it.
- Mental Consequences – Dullness: Sex is the number one enemy of the brain. The moment you start having sex, your brain begin to ‘sink’ gradually and sleep dangerously especially as a young fellow. Brain is one thing one needs to be highly functional at this very stage of your existence as a human being. The more you get into sex the duller you become.
- Psychological Consequences: The loss of self-esteem. Pre-marital sex kills the self-esteem of an individual. What is Self-esteem? The feeling that you are someone who deserved to be liked, respected and admired. Some girls are giving incentives, for this reason they don’t care how disgusting, debasing and dehumanizing pre-marital sex is. This is a result of the fact that they have lost their self-esteem. They don’t think with any form of self-worth or value.
- The feeling of regrets: You encourage yourself with “it doesn’t really matter, after all everybody is doing it, I did it because of love, so, so, so…….” Don’t fool yourself.
- Addictive & Habit forming: It is the most addictive hard drug ever known to man. It is killing you but you can’t help having it again and again. Young men and boys who should be thinking of how to build their lives and fulfill their purpose on earth, are hustling around looking for girlfriends and babes in a bid to have illicit sex. Young girls who should be thinking of how they can make their difference in this so-called man’s world are doing everything possible to attract guys to come and mess their destiny with illicit sex.
Is there anything like safe sex?
There is absolutely nothing like safe sex or protected sex. There are only two types of sex – marital and pre-marital or illicit. One is safe and the other unsafe. Illicit sex absolutely unsafe and the only way you can escape its dangers, is to run from it or fight it, i.e. don’t do it, avoid it by all means.
Play safe with condoms – Truly speaking, it can’t protect you from the dangers of sex, where does it want to start protecting you from? Can it protect your self-esteem from dropping? Can it protect your brain from getting sick? Can it protect your spirit form breaking down? Can it protect you from being trapped in sex addiction? To mention from a few.
On the physical aspect can it protect you from catching HIV or any of the viral diseases? It doesn’t even protect you from pregnancy.
This is about right and wrong.
It deals with the principles of what is right or wrong behaviour, and with the difference between good and evil.
It is the principles or standards of good behaviour especially in matters of sex.
Always learn to say NO Sex must wait till marriage.
Do not poison your soul with sexual sin.
Do not destroy your beauty sexually.
Do not masturbate willful for it is self-abuse and indecency.
Do not disturb your spiritual life.
It makes one to be flamed with impure passion.
It makes one to be worn & look aged.
It makes him to be lean and look unhealthy.
It causes sterility/ impotency.
Pre-marital sex is joy against life – wickedness.
It is joy against human dignity – foolishness.
It makes man a pig – dirtiness and should be avoided.
It destroys body and soul – devilish
Do not swim in the sexual pool of impurity which leads to the swimming of the pool of hellish lake fire – J.A. BON FAMILY DIVINE BIOLOGY.
The only sex that is good for you is the legal one for it is free from fear, shame, disease and sin. It is sensible.
LIFE AT PUBERTY
Sexuality Education presented to the learners of Royal College, Ibadan (R.C.I) by Mrs. Udume, Patricia Nkechi.
Puberty is the stage of the lifespan in which a child develops secondary sex characteristics i.e. the internal organs of reproduction are prepared for their reproductive function. The organs reach maturity. It is menarche which marks the beginning of the child bearing period. This include physical and physiological changes.
Males/ Boys (Physical changes)
- Occur between 10 and 14 years of age. It is less dramatic than in females.
- Deepening voice and growth of body hair on the face, axillae and genitalia.
- Spermatogenesis occurs in second year after onset: increased activity of sweat glands, with period erections and emissions of mature sperm.
- Dramatic body growth spurt.
- Ejaculation is beginning of fertility and end of puberty.
- Occur between 9 and 17 years of age.
- First sign of puberty is an acceleration of body growth.
- The larches: Breast pudding
- Adrenarche: growth of public and axillary hair.
- Menarche: onset of menses: a late pubertal event, occurring after peak of growth has passed ovaries produce estrogen.
- For the first year menstrual cycle are often ovulatory and irregular.
- Psychological Changes
- Maturational changes according to age.
- Heterosexual interests; girls earlier than boys, girls interested in older boys.
- Emancipation struggles with parents; independence versus dependence.
- Need for belonging to peer group.
The physical changes occur as a result of hormonal balance which shifts strongly towards an adult state. This is triggered by the pituitary gland, which secretes a surge of hormones into the blood stream and begins the rapid maturation of the gonads: the girl’s ovaries and the boy’s testicles.
Life at this stage is a trying period for both boys and girls in matters concerning male and female sexual inter relation.
Steinberg (1996) is of the opinion that the boundaries of adolescence are: biological which begins with puberty and ends with the ability to sexually reproduce; emotional which begins with detachment from parents and ends with attainment of separate sense of identity; the cognitive boundary which begins with the emergence of advanced reasoning abilities and ends with the consolidation of these interpersonally. At this stage, adolescence begins with the shift of interest from parents to peers and ends with the development of a capacity for intimacy with peers.
Emotional and Social Changes in Adolescence.
Due to the dramatic psychological changes experienced by the adolescent, he is very self – conscious and sensitive at this stage. There’s attraction for opposite sex; experiences the feelings of love and independence. This because she/ he who feels he is no longer a child but an adult. There is also a sense of frustration when his/ her sense of achievement is thwarted. There is also emotional conflict between the adolescent and her parents. This is as a result of what is called “penetration – gap” syndrome. Adolescents feel that adults are obsolete and rigid in their views while parents still hold the view that they are immature adults.
Parents should be less rigid and a reasonable amount of liberty coupled with a lot of guidance will make them have a hitch – free adolescence experience.
The desire to look like your age mates is there since they are not only in the same age range but also share the same views, ideas, philosophy, mode of dressing and experience the same emotional reactions.
Another name for adolescents is “Peer Group”. There are the individuals with certain common feature such as age, size, sex, class, interest, habit, attitude and beliefs. Adolescents think they are inevitable and necessary since they look up to them for approval and support (Zrinrin, 1996). They mount pressures on the youngster as they influences them in so many ways. Atwater (1998) in GCE 403 Psychology of Nigerian Adolescent (2004) describes peer pressure as the influences and pressures adolescents feel from peers or peer group. This is very typical of adolescence and is only restricted to this group. “Peer group” syndrome is in other words calls “youth culture”. At this stage, adolescents learn etiquette like dating, going to parties and the like and are fashion conscious. When they run into conflict with their parents they seek protection from the peer group.
The other behavioural patterns manifested by adolescents include uniformism, experimentation and intellectualism. At this stage, there should be a lot of guidance since the type of peer influence may determine or become a useful member of the society.
Some youths engage in taking drugs, robbery or nay other socially deviant behaviour due to peer influence.
Having known these, how would you channel your lives as Christians (Children of God bought by Christ costly blood) so as to retain your virginity, maintain your beauty, gain your education through which you are trained and get developed the talents ‘God Almighty’ endowed in you!
It is important therefore to note that at this stage, young ones talk more about love, loving and being loved. This most times leads them into wrong hands, wrong thinking and wrong actions. This is the reason why you need to ask and get your answers as far as sex is concerned. Don’t feel embarrassed or funny. If you lack confidence in your parents, go to your doctor, a school nurse, a teacher who is upright and morally sound, a school counselor, or another adult you feel comfortable talking with.
Life at this stage of life
Girls notice that they are really feminine therefore the tendency to feel recognized and loved is there.
Take time to bath because there is a new smell under your arms and elsewhere on your bodies, it’s not a pretty one. It is called body odor, and everyone gets it. This is because the hormones affects glands in your skin and the glands make chemicals that smell bad. These chemicals put the scent in adolescent. To feel less stinky, you must shower morning and night and also the use of deodorant with anti perspirant every day. (Do not use antiseptic soap).
You will also notice and feel a white, mucous – like discharge from the vagina. There is nothing wrong with you – it is just another sign of your changing body and hormones. In this case, you need to wash your pants every day to avoid stench.
Always shave your armpit hair and when taking your shower, scrub hard the armpit so as to avoid the accumulation of dirty.
Wash your clothes, cut your finger and toe nails. Cut your hair short or plait it and maintain a good looking hair cut or hairstyle.
At the time menstrual flow, you must use pad (Always) you change and take your shower three times a day. Wrap the used pad very well and dispose into the dustbin. Use tight fitting sanitary pants for that.
Do not allow any boy or man to touch your breast, or carry you i.e. sitting on him. Do not answer any boy or man in secret.
Choose a girl or girls from good family or families as your friends as bad friends corrupt you.
Do not allow any man or boy to talk you into sex for there are dangers of premarital sex which includes:
- Your beauty is destroyed: the blood is troubled and maturation functions of your body and this affects the natural freshness of your skin and complexion which then makes it to be changing and be growing unsightly, fading ugly.
- It causes bad development of breast.
- It causes abnormal fatness.
- It causes unwanted pregnancy/ premature mother/ bastard.
- May lead to abortion which may terminate your life & destroy the womb.
- You may dropout from school.
- May lead you into prostitution.
- It disturbs your spiritual life.
- It terminates your career in life.
- It exposes you to dangerous diseases – viral diseases such as Gonorrhea, Syphilis, HIV/ AIDS.
- It causes barrenness.
- It disturbs your chance of getting a good husband.
- It makes you lose your respect and virginity.
- You become a second hand lady or fairly used lady.
- It makes you feel emotionally and psychological imbalanced.
In short, there is no sexual satisfaction for unmarried girl/ lady. It is an illicit act, shameful and sinful act.
What makes you a decent girl or young lady?
- Purity of body.
- Purity of heart (holiness). Keeping and obeying the precepts of the Lord.
- Freedom from drugs – avoid drunkenness and drug abuse of any kind.
Sexual harassment is bullying: As you grow older, you may be victimized by others in many different ways. It is one of the ways and particularly during and after puberty.
Sexual harassment similar to bullying involves someone using their personal power to hurt another person on purpose. It is an unwanted, persistent conducts of sexual nature expressed by works, looks and/ or actions which offend and distress the person/ persons it is aimed at.
This is mostly seen when you say no to sex. Then they use knowledge about your person’s sensitivity about sexual issues to embarrass you or even make you afraid.
Forms of sexual harassment
- Making sexual jokes, looks or movements.
- Brushing up against someone in a sexual way.
- Spreading sexual rumors about someone (blackmail).
- Showing, giving or leaving someone sexual pictures, photographs, messages or notes.
- Writing sexual messages or graffiti about someone.
- Calling names such as “fag”, “dyke” or “queer”.
- Flashing or “mooning” someone.
- Making comments about or rating the parts of someone’s body
Who can harass who?
The victims of sexual harassment are usually women, although men may also be victims.
A woman can harass a man.
A boss can harass his/ her staff.
A lecturer can harass his/ her student.
Common sites for sexual harassment
It can occur anywhere; at work, in school, in churches, on the road, etc.
The Consequences of Sex
What is Sex?
The thought of sex must have been flashing your mind several times. For some people there is no big deal about it but in actual sense there is more than a big deal about it.
The world is complicated, saturated with lies and half-truths which may lead one to destruction.
Teenagers really need to be exposed to truth that will help them in every stage of their life. Even adults are seriously involved it without knowing what it is all about.
Sex actually goes beyond pulling off and putting ones clothes back. It involves, attracts and necessitates a lot of things, both imaginable and unimaginable.
Sex started when this world including the human race existence. To avoid strenuous job of creation from time to time each time the animal die, God came up with the idea of animals reproducing themselves. So He made each animals in such a special way, with the necessary “tools” that would enable them to reproduce their kinds easily along the line as they grow older in life. So, when He created the first man and woman, He had no need of changing the concept because He even needed them to produce their kinds more than any of the other animals because humans mean far much to him, that’s why He specifically said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply”. So, the concept of sex is for procreation.
Is Sex for Fun?
What is Fun? Fun is something you do and enjoy without any negative consequences. It is something you do, and afterwards you feel good about it. But the illicit sex is the very opposite of such. It not enjoyable and it has its negative consequences which are uncountable.
The original platform of sex is to procreate so you need not pretend that sex is for fun. Sex is therefore a responsibility, and the only way you can find fun in it is when you obey the rules which is getting married properly. It is worse than foolish to start having sex when you are not married.
Is Sex Evil?
Sex is not evil but what you do with it is what makes it evil. Sex is a responsibility and could bless or curse irrespective of who you are.
There are two types of sex: – Marital which is licit and pre-marital which is illicit.
- Licit or marital sex: is the one you have within the confines of marriage. It is in obedience of Divine Concept.
Marital sex is a symbol of a loving commitment of exclusiveness, faithfulness and permanency.
Exclusiveness – love one another.
Faithfulness – offer to love one another without fear or rejection.
Permanency – continuity, reliability and predictability.
The uniqueness of the genital union consists in the mental promise – I take you for better for worse until death. It is called the love – pledged. So sexual intercourse is therefore an act which testifies to a couple’s mutual and self-giving that does not hesitate to assume an unconditional responsibility for each other.
- Illicit or pre-marital sex: is the violation of divine concept i.e. violation of the laws that keep you alive as an individual. It is the worst hedonistic pursuit and an instant and temporary bonding with no lasting or enduring meaning. It encourages casual sex, but discourages the high potential of sexual intercourse.
There are many consequences of sex especially the illicit one.
- Spiritual consequences
- Mental consequences
- Psychological consequences.
- Spiritual consequences: Breakdown of the spirit. Illicit sex is the number one breaker of the spirit of an individual. When the spirit is down the body suffers for it.
- Mental Consequences
- Dullness: Sex is the number one enemy of the brain. The moment you start having sex your brain to sink gradually and sleep dangerously. The person becomes dull. The more you get involved in illicit sex, especially as a young person, the duller you become. Dullness is a mental consequence of sex. You can’t escape it once you start having sex when you still need your brain to work effectively and productively for you.
- Psychological Consequences
- The loss of self-esteem: Nothing kills the self-esteem of an individual like pre-marital sex especially as a young person. One’s self-esteem begins to drop once you start having illicit sex. Pre-marital sex is very disgusting, debasing and dehumanizing. No self-worth or value.
- The feeling of regrets: One’s entire system will be filled with guilt because they know the havoc you have just done to them. You don’t feel good after the act of illicit sex. It’s always very shameful.
- Addictive & Habit forming: Once you start illicit sex, before you know it you hooked to it.
Is there any gain in avoiding premature and pre-marital sex?
The gain is wonderful. It makes you to have self-control and live a decent life, respectable life, holy life etc. it makes one (man) to know himself and preserve his dignity.
- You will have a strong faith in God and self-control. This makes a man to control his sexual desires.
- Helps him to be free from gluttony.
- Helps him against provocation.
- Helps him behave humbly.
- Makes him to do things temperately.
- Makes him to behave wisely.
- Makes him a master of his body.
- Helps him to do things at a sensible time.
- Helps him to be free from sexual abuse, drug abuse, reckless driving, impatience, fighting.
- Helps him to love and fear God.
- You will always be healthy and look healthy and you will not floor your dignity and your handsomeness and complexion will shine out.
- Sexual problems will not occur to you or distract you from your excellent performance in education and successful endeavours.
- You will have respect among your colleagues and friends.
- If you grow up with it, your business will be good and you will have a happy family.
- You will not ruin the life of any girl and will not be guilty of abortion.
- You will not be punished with dreadful diseases.
- You will not marry through sin e.g. through unwanted pregnancy.
- If you will be a priest, it will help you to be a holy and pure one.
FOR GIRLS – Gains of avoiding pre-mature and pre-marital sex: The gains of avoiding these are precious especially the happiness of being a child of God who fills one with the grace of purity and other virtues.
- Boys/ men admires you for marriage because it shows you are a devout and virtuous lady.
- You will have strong faith and love of God/ self – control.
- You will not disturb the functions of your body with sex until full maturity and this makes you to have a healthy growth and a durable beauty.
- You will not be called an old maid or a flirt or a clog.
- You will not lose the sign of your virginity till marriage.
- You will not lose your natural beauty which God has given you.
- Your breast will develop naturally and naturally.
- People will be rushing to marry you because of good moral behaviour.
- For those who choose Reverend Sisters this habit will help you to be a pure and to keep your vow of chastity.
- You will regret nothing in your maturity and will not be a victim of unwanted pregnancy or guilty of abortion.
- You will not poison your eggs with contraceptive drugs or pills or diseases.
- You will not be a mother of a bastard.
- You will always have a good health and will be growing more beautiful and healthier.
- Your education will be excellent.
- Respect among all people and your friends.
- Our God will love you and you will be his child because he loves purity and chastity.
- Your parents will be proud of you. You will enter into married life peacefully and will have a happy family.
- You will not be a prostitute or habit or a street girl.
There is time for everything (Ecclesiastes 3). Do the best we can while we are still alive Ecclesiastes 3:12.
I know that everything God does will last forever. You can’t add anything to it or take anything away from it. Ecclesiastes 3:14.
Advice to young People
Young people enjoy your youth. Be happy while you are still young. Do what you want to do, and follow your heart’s desire. But remember that God is going to judge you for whatever you do.
Don’t let anything worry you or cause you pain. You aren’t going to be young very long. Ecclesiastes 11: 9-10.
The Philosopher said, “After all this, there is only one thing to say; have reverence for God, and obey his commands, because this is all that humans beings were created for. God is going to judge everything we do, whether good or bad, even things done in secret.
Sin is the lack of moral and spiritual conformity to the will of God. It is this internal failure to conform to the will of God that produces external transgression or violation of the law of God.
EDUCATION AS THE BEDROCK FOR NATION BUILDING- A SPECTRUM CONTRIBUTION OF THE GUANELLIAN MISSION IN NIGERIA THROUGH ROYAL COLLEGE IBADAN, NIGERIA
Education in a broad sense is a process by which an individual acquires the many intellectual, physical and social capabilities needed to function and contribute to his/her society. In an ideal sense, education is an ultimate value and hence, through the provision of social service, it is an agent of change. It is to a nation what the mind is to the body, just as a diseased mind is handicapped in the co-ordination and direction of the bodily activities. Therefore, the single most significant complex of social-control tools for national development is found in the educational system be it formal or informal. Little wonder why Don Luigi Guanella during his lifetime worked assidously for the formation/education of indigent children within his mountanous locality.
Education also helps in nation building whereby nation building which is the implementation of processes that are geared towards recomposing the nation’s institutions so that they can reflect the wishes, needs and aspirations of the wider society. Since education is the pathway to any nation-building enterprise, it provides the following goodies to nation-building and development. Firstly, education creates an enlightened society. This is a crucial prerequisite to nation – building because the more the people become enlightened the more they would refrain from immoral practices that will endanger the nation.
Secondly, nation – building requires a ‘meritocratic’ bureaucracy in order to make the state’s institutions effective. Therefore, with education, the country will have the best human resources that are competent enough to carry the day-to-day affairs of the state. Most states collapse as a result of a low level of education because the human resources is so weak that it is incapable of filling state institutions. But with sound education, this problem could be averted.
Thirdly, nation-building requires a democratic society that allows the contribution of all, rich and poor alike. This is because, with education, there will always be an increase in democratic participation. And this participation will in turn enhance nation-building initiative because the participation of all the citizen is counted in nation-building.
Fourthly, education is very crucial in the formation of cross-cutting cleavages that embrace diversity. Accepting differences is very important to nation building because until we accept our differences and come together to build the nation, progress will never be made. With education, this fear is allayed.
Fifthly, education creates a large middle-class professionals – teachers, doctors, technocrats in diverse domain. This class is very important to nation-building because they provide the necessary expertise that is needed to building a nation. This is the more reason why emphasis has been laid on education because an educated society is always a strong society, and a society that is set for development.
It has been observed in the life of every child, that there are four important institutions that play a crucial role in shaping its outlook and future prospects. These are the family, the school and the community and the religion of the child. It is these institutions that socialize, inculcate values and norms, as well as anchoring the child.
They educate, train and shape the young both formally and informally into a valuable adult. We all are therefore products of our society. If we are successful in life, we owe that success to our families, schools, religion and society and if we fail, our society must take a certain amount of the blame.
There is no educational system in the world that is culturally, politically and ideologically neutral. Every educational system in every country serves the philosophical, economic and cultural needs of its society.
Often, times, public schooling which ought to make a major contribution by providing appropriate education needed for effective development of the people is lacking in its duties. Thus, it can be effective if properly anchored in the philosophical and cultural ethos of its society.
Unfortunately, in our case it is not quite so. Our education system is still culturally alienating to black people. Thus, if we could get education right we could solve all other problems that exist in our society such as crime and unemployment.
The public schooling system and adult education have to confront the challenge that threatens to reverse or slow down the process of nation building. Research carried out have shown that about six million of our citizens cannot read and write. This, unfortunate situation has and continues to have disadvantages to our people in their quest to better the quality of their lives. Unless we help our people out of this quagmire, our efforts at nation building will be severely hampered. It is because of this lack in the public realm to give adequate standard to our educational system in order to build a formidable nation that PRIVATE SCHOOLS OF THE LIKES OF ROYAL COLLEGE, IBADAN come into existence to respond to this dilemma. Our aim at ROYAL COLLEGE, IBADAN is to give our students a holistic educational formation to build their intelligence with outstanding diligence and moral values.
Have you ever thought of the humiliation and helplessness visited upon our people by being unable to read and write? This imposes on them a condition of perpetual dependency. To break the backbone of illiteracy is a mammoth task that requires commitment and dedication from all of us. Otherwise the noble project of nation building is immensely weakened. So my dear country men and women, hasten to build our nation, Nigeria, by sending your children and wards to ROYAL COLLEGE, BASHORUN IBADAN; A CATHOLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL, OWNED AND MANAGED BY THE CONGREGATION OF THE SERVANTS OF CHARITY. YOU CAN STILL CONTRIBUTE TO NATION BUILDING BY SPONSORING TO ANY OF OUR EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS: scholarship for indigent children; contribution of books/writing pads; contribution of social amenities needed in school environments; renovational contributions; etc.
For your sponsorship, you cans reach us through our blog: firstname.lastname@example.org ; or through our contact number: +2347038236695; postal address of the Congregation of the Servants of Charity: P O Box 11262 Dugbe Ibadan; Acc details: Servants of Charity-apostolate; 0005335384; Diamond Bank.
|© UNICEF Nigeria/2005/|
|Primary school pupils in class|
Over the last decade, Nigeria’s exponential growth in population has put immense pressure on the country’s resources and on already overstretched public services and infrastructure. With children under 15 years of age accounting for about 45 per cent of the country’s population, the burden on education and other sectors has become overwhelming.
Forty per cent of Nigerian children aged 6-11 do not attend any primary school with the Northern region recording the lowest school attendance rate in the country, particularly for girls. Despite a significant increase in net enrollment rates in recent years, it is estimated that about 4.7 million children of primary school age are still not in school.
Increased enrollment rates have also created challenges in ensuring quality education and satisfactory learning achievement as resources are spread more thinly across a growing number of students. It is not rare to see cases of 100 pupils per teacher or students sitting under trees outside the school building because of the lack of classrooms.
This situation is being addressed by current efforts of the Nigerian Government with the implementation of the Basic Education scheme. The compulsory, free Universal Basic Education (UBE) Act was passed into law in 2004 and represents the Government’s strategy to fight illiteracy and extend basic education opportunities to all children in the country.
However the number of schools, facilities and teachers available for basic education remain inadequate for the eligible number of children and youths. This is more so in urban areas where there is population pressure. Under these conditions, teaching and learning cannot be effective; hence the outcomes are usually below expectation.
Another challenge in Nigeria is the issue of girls’ education. In the North particularly, the gender gap remains particularly wide and the proportion of girls to boys in school ranges from 1 girl to 2 boys to 1 to 3 in some States.
Many children do not attend school because their labour is needed to either help at home or to bring additional income into the family. Many families cannot afford the associated costs of sending their children to school such as uniforms and textbooks. For others, the distance to the nearest school is a major hindrance. Another cause of low enrolment, especially in the North, is cultural bias. Most parents do not send their children, especially girls, to school and prefer to send them to Qur’anic schools rather than formal schools.
Even when children enrol in schools, many do not complete the primary cycle. According to current data, 30% of pupils drop out of primary school and only 54% transit to Junior Secondary Schools. Reasons for this low completion rate include child labour, economic hardship and early marriage for girls.
In the last few years, especially since the launching of the Universal Basic Education Act, much has been achieved in the reconstruction of dilapidated school buildings and construction of new ones, supply of desks and other needed furniture as well as the provision of toilet facilities.
However, the child friendly school concept, which UNICEF is advocating for, is not comprehensively adopted by the various States in Nigeria. A majority of primary schools, especially in rural areas, lack water, electricity and toilet facilities. For example, on average, there is only one toilet for 600 pupils in the primary school system. Despite political commitment to trying to reverse years of neglect in the education sector and a significant increase of the Federal funding, investment in basic education is still low compared to other Sub-Saharan countries.
For all these reasons, prospects of Nigeria achieving Education For All by 2015 remain frail.
The Father and mother of the day,
Special guests of honour,
All invited guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen
I stand before you this afternoon to thank God for witnessing this year’s Valedictory service, and the graduation of the S.S.III students of 2015/2016 session. Today officially, we are coming to the end of another session and each of us can evaluate how the year has been. For some too tough, for others not quite tough, but for all at least, it has not been easy. But despite the difficulties God has brought us safe and sound to the end of this academic year. May his name be blessed both now and forever. Amen!
Our “Graduants” have come to the “T” junction of their carrier making. An important step in their history, where they have to decide which way forward. Here the question “what do you want to become in life” becomes very pertinent.
It is a thing of joy that little by little our population is growing, from 36 students last three years to 52 students at the end of this year of which 13 are graduating today. We pray and are working towards the increase in number of the students. Like the pasts sets, we also look forward towards to your excellent performance in all the papers you wrote during the WAEC and NECO examinations. I would simply want to advise that you grow steadily in the line of training given to you in this school, so that you would develop into more responsible citizens of our country. I therefore anchor my advice on the theme “Be focused in life”, I wish to remind you that hard work, discipline and self organization are the elements you need to achieve being an organised person in life.
Life is like a circle, when you run through it, you will meet people at certain points. Be good to whoever you meet at any point, because you never can tell when again you will meet them. Maybe in a position where you would need their help. So never ignore or look down on people no matter how they are at present or what they were in the past. Remember the good morals you were thought in this school, honesty, discipline, punctuality, respect for others especially the less privileged of the society, and above all seriousness in your studies. These are the virtues that are recommended by all religions, practice them therefore. My dear little ones, as you are going out into the world, you will be faced with so many challenges such as cultism, assassination, armed robbery, prostitution, kidnapping, political toggery, 419, drug addiction, etc. The choice will be yours. But keep it in mind that whatever choice you make, will have consequences (Good or bad). All you need is the great gift of love to be able to make a positive and profitable choice.
I want to use this opportunity also to thank and encourage your parents who have toiled hard and heavy under rain and sunshine to provide for you and make sure that you arrive at this level of your formation in life. It is true that with many parents we fought to make sure that your school fees were paid. Things are very difficult economically, we know it, but we had no choice than to push you to accept and respond to your tasks. You have invested in these your children; we pray that you may be alive to reap the fruit of the harvest of this beautiful and life lasting investment. I know they would like to proceed academically, please continue till the end you will not regret it. My dear students, one of the most important ways you can be grateful to the efforts of your parents is to always excel in your academic and life endeavors, do them proud not only by prostrating to greet them in the morning, but also by demonstrating the good moral behaviors you have been thought in school. Let your Alma-Mater Royal College be proud of you when eventually you join in the great association of Alumni of this noble institute.
To our remaining students and staff, I am sure by now you would have noticed the air of purpose with which we intend to pursue our goal of top quality of international standards. The baton is being handed over to you, continue the relay race!
To the Principal, teachers and non academic staff, I want to note how much we appreciate all the hard work and diligence you put in the effort to build a strong and viable college. I thank each and every one of you for making this day a memorable one. I know that surely goodness and mercy shall follow you all the days of your life, for one day you shall receive your reward from God and perhaps from these children also.
Haven said this, permit me to share with you our work of education. Why Royal college? Who manages it? The latest! The latest is that Royal College has been bought over by The Congregation of the Servants of Charity. Who are they? The Congregation of the Servants of Charity is a society of Catholic priests and religious lay men, founded by St. Luigi Guanella in Italy more than one hundred years ago with the aim of helping persons who are poor, weak and abandoned, in particular the orphans, the aged, and mentally disable. To continue in the work of charity, we see the need of contributing to a qualitative secondary education that is quite affordable to the lowest class. Therefore, Royal College has been transformed into a Catholic Secondary School, managed by the Priests and Brothers who are members of the this religious family. How do we hope to achieve this aim?
The Aim of the work
We all should be aware of the basic aims of giving an education to young students: it is not a matter of giving them pieces of knowledge (that they will easily forget) or simply imposing on them some behaviour that they may easily abandon later in life. The art of teaching, especially during the years of adolescence, is much more than “telling the students what we know, for them to memorise it”. Teaching youngsters of this age, means giving the students equipment for their life, preparing the luggage they will need along their life journey.
Four are the “pieces of luggage” the students will need, and these are the things we want to give them:
- the value of every human life, the values of love and respect in the family
- the value of friendship, community living, good citizenship in democratic responsibility
- the value of honest work, for oneself and for the common good
- the value of attention to the weakest
- the value of faith in God, our provident and merciful Father.
- the ability to understand language and ideas
- the ability of thinking with one’s own brain, to follow a logic discourse
- the ability to form judgments based on what they learn and on their values
- a good basic academic knowledge according to National standards
- a special attention to preparing persons open to the entire world
- real computer literacy
- at least one foreign language (French).These are, at the moment, our aims, to be implemented gradually and steadily with your help and effort. They are also not comprehensive, especially about knowledge and skills we could add new areas and “specialise” in some areas. But this can be in the future: for the moment, we can stay on a general level. Our tradition requires the use of what we call “preventive system” of education. Long Live Our Country Nigeria! Long live our State Oyo! Long live our School Royal College!
- Rev. Fr. Basil Egbujor S.c
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